A doctoral thesis on the rights of local communities put to the test of environmental protection


Kinshasa, June 13, 2021 (CPA).- The head of work Jean Claude Batebua Adikey was proclaimed, Thursday, doctor of law at the University of Kinshasa (UNIKIN) with the mention « the greatest distinction », at the end the public defense of a doctoral thesis entitled: « Rights of local communities put to the test of environmental protection: contribution to the study of Congolese environmental law ».

The recipient said he tried to demonstrate, through this doctoral dissertation, very clearly the causal link between the exercise of customary land rights and the disruption of the natural biological balance.

He said that activities such as agriculture, slash-and-burn practices and deforestation inevitably lead to land scarcity, deforestation, erosion, etc.

Likewise, he continued, underground mining operations lead to all forms of pollution of the air and water sources with harmful consequences, both on human health and on biological species. (the fauna and the flora).

This gloomy picture, said the impetent, dictates the need to consider all-round legal regimes that will not only contain these harmful effects, but also provide for the consequent criminal penalties in this matter.

This thesis recommended in particular strategies to fight against global warming, a new model of governance and effective environmental management, taking into account several axes including participatory management by integrating local communities and their needs, the regeneration of environmental funds and the implementation of the legal arsenal in this area.

The DRC, which has significant forestry potential and extraordinary biodiversity, will have to gain in strategies to combat global warming, he said.

Dialogue between land, forestry and mining stakeholders as well as local communities

This thesis highlighted the sustainable management of the soil and subsoil which would involve consultation and dialogue between the various stakeholders concerned, namely: the State, the concessionaires (land, forestry and mining) and local communities. , the protection of the environment in the face of the implementation of customary land rights, which, according to him, involves the reduction of poverty and the change of habits.

He also underlined the fact that the access of local communities to financing could be facilitated through the establishment, at the national level, of an ecological fund intended to encourage activities likely to contribute to the reduction of the effects on the environment. ‘environment.

This thesis was fully appreciated by the promoter and the co-promoter respectively professors Bakandeja wa Mpungu and Kangulumba Mbambi, the president of the jury, Prof. Toengaho Lokundo and the secretary of the jury, Prof. Ntungila Nkama and professors Sakata. Moke Tawab and Beya Siku, as members of the jury.

The academic session was chaired by the Academic Secretary General of UNIKIN, Prof. Eustache Banza Nsomwe, on behalf of the Rector. ACP/