The reports of the proposals on scientific research and the special regime for public officials of the State adopted in the Senate


Kinshasa, May 26th, 2022 (CPA).- The Senators unanimously adopted, Thursday at the People’s Palace, two reports of the standing committees, one on « the bill determining the fundamental principles relating to scientific research and technological innovation », and the other on « the bill relating to the special regime for State public officials », during the plenary chaired by the President of the Upper House, Modeste Bahati Lukwebo. Initiated by former senator Guy Loando Mboyo, who became a minister, the bill determining the fundamental principles relating to scientific research and technological innovation had been entrusted, for in-depth study, to the joint committee Infrastructures and Ecofin, Friday, April 2nd, 2021. The said bill has as its legal basis article 123, paragraph 10 of the Constitution. It has 77 items. The author of the bill started from the observation that the research sector in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has several weaknesses, in particular social disinterest, the lack of supervision of high-level scientific and technological personnel, the lack of appropriate financial resources and organizational deficit. Furthermore, in the report presented by the Joint Infrastructures and Ecofin Commission, mention is made of the threats weighing on the Congolese research and innovation system, among other things, the financing of technical and financial partners oriented towards their priorities, the lack of effective bridges between scientific research and potential users of research results and the deprofessionalization of researchers. However, the members of this commission pointed out, the Congolese research environment offers certain opportunities to be seized, such as the Government’s desire to provide the country with a national scientific policy, the presence of objects likely to restore the of research and the possibility of mobilizing the resources necessary for the development of the sector thanks to the cooperation of a potential partnership. According to the commission, once passed, this law will bring several innovations, in particular the introduction at government level of the function of guiding scientific and technological research activities; the basis for the development of science and technology policy in the DRC together with the main lines for the design of the implementation strategy. The commission concluded by indicating that the legislation in force in the DRC is inappropriate with the new standard of technical research and technological innovation. Therefore, it considers it essential to comply with the provisions of Article 123 point 10 of the Constitution in order to determine the fundamental principles relating to the sector of technical research and technological innovation.

The proposal on the special security regime for public officials of the State

Regarding the proposal on the special security regime for State public officials, the report of which was also voted on Friday, it was made available to the socio-cultural commission for in-depth study, during the session plenary on Tuesday April 5th,  2022, recalled Modeste Bahati. In the conclusion of the said report, it was pointed out that this law introduces a new, homogeneous, special and effective system of social security in favor of public officials of the State. Its basis is found in the provisions of Articles 36, 122.14 and 202.36 of the Constitution. For the commission, the major challenges of the system in force relates to the reinforcement of the action of the State by a reform whose principal innovation consists in widening the contributory system of social security to the whole of the public agents of the State, like workers in the private sector, in strict compliance with Article 12 of the Constitution. Modeste Bahati granted 48 hours to the members of the plenary assembly to submit any amendments to the committees that presented the two proposals.